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What Is a UK Company Registration Number?

Author Emma DrummondEmma Drummond

6 min read
Better Business

CRN is an important and unique way to identify your company as a legal entity. Also known as a business registration number, UK company number or a registered company number, you’ll find that the most common abbreviation used is “CRN”.

What Is a UK Company Registration Number?

Registering a new company in the UK? You’ve probably heard about the need to get assigned with a company registration number. This is an important and unique way to identify your company as a legal entity. Also known as a business registration number, UK company number or a registered company number, you’ll find that the most common abbreviation used is “CRN”.

Note

CRN is far from the only number your company will get with the UK government. The others are:

  • Tax reference number ;
  • Employer reference number;
  • VAT registration number
  • All of those are essential for your bookkeeping .

    If you’re a UK limited company or an overseas company with a UK base, you’ll need to register with Companies House, which is the UK’s official registrar of companies. Once you’re assigned a unique number, it can’t be changed as it’s automatically added to Companies House listings when your company is formed.

    crn on your incorporation certificate

    Sure, your company name itself can be as creative as you’d like it to be (and you can also change it along the way), but your business registration number is imperative from a bureaucratic perspective. One way to think of it is like the way you have a car with a registration number, or a passport with a unique number that identifies you (which is totally different to your actual name) But in this case, it’s all about your business.

    What Is the Format of the Company Registration Number?

    We’ve emphasised that your CRN is unique but it’s also worth mentioning that you’re not able to request, change or choose it. That’s because your Company Registration Number is automatically generated, which means a computer will assign this sequence of letters and numbers (without your input).

    CRNs are made up of 8 numbers, (or 2 letters) followed by another 6 numbers.

    The majority of CRNs on the registrar of companies are those formed in England and Wales. These are easy to spot because they all start with a zero, like this: 09876543. Two significant factors play a role in the formatting of the Company Registration Number:

    • The place/jurisdiction where you set up and incorporate your company
    • The type of company you set up - Limited Company, Limited Liability Companies, Limited Partnership

    Let’s take a look at some examples of how this works:

    CRNs in England and Wales:

    • OC654321: Marge started Limited Liability Partnership, with her company registration number officially prefixed with “OC”
    • LP654321 Rhett’s company is a Limited Partnership so his CRN starts with “LP”

    CRNs in Scotland:

    • SC654321: Tess has a Limited Company so her company registration number begins with “SC”
    • SO654321: Jaimey set up a Limited Liability Company, and is proud that his CRN starts with “SO”
    • SL654321: Rhett’s Limited Partnership officially registration number starts with “SL”

    CRNs in Northern Ireland:

    • NI123456: Annie’s just launched a Limited Company with a registration number starting with “NI”
    • NC123456: Brett registered a Limited Liability Partnership so his company’s CRN starts with “NC”
    • NL123456: Luke and Emma kicked off their Limited Partnership business venture, so their CRN has a prefix of “NL”

    Interested in abbreviations and getting up to speed with more of the common business language used? Take a look at the full guide to Companies House Uniform Resource Identifiers on the UK government’s public registrar.

    Your Company Registration Number vs Other NB Numbers

    Tax, accounting, invoicing, bookkeeping and stocktaking. All important and directly related to numbers that may serve as other references that HMRC issues your company over the years. It’s worth familiarising yourself with the numbers that really matter so you’re able to identify and distinguish them at a glance, and even better still, so you don’t confuse them with your Company Registration Number.

    Here are some reference numbers that are issued by HMRC, which play a pivotal role in your business’ bookkeeping but are entirely different to your CRN:

    WHAT IT’S CALLED: ALSO KNOWN AS: MAIN PURPOSE: FORMAT:
    Employer Reference Number

    ERN

    Or

    Employer PAYE Reference

    All things tax-related and biz-relevant insurance.

    Two parts:

    A 3-digit tax ref number issued by the HMRC (followed by a forward slash) and ending with an alphanumeric sequence unique to your business
    Unique Taxpayer Reference UTR When addressing tax-related issues, this is used to identify your company 10 numerical digits
    Value Added Tax Number VAT Code issued when you register your company to pay VAT (if your taxable turnover is higher than £85,000) 9 numerical digits, with the letters “GB” as a prefix

    How Can a Formations Company Help?

    Best of all, you can say farewell to the admin and stress! When you’re backed by a formations company who can help you register your UK company, you’ll have the assurance that preparation docs will be collated, sorted and sent to you to e-sign! From there, it’s also easy to set up an accounting routine and a business bank account.

    Ecommerce Accounting

    Where To Find Your UK Company Number:

    • When Companies House issues an incorporation certificate, it will feature your company name and number. Once you’ve submitted an application to form a company and it’s been approved by Companies House, you’re granted a certificate of incorporation, which is essentially proof of registration compliance.
    • Any official mail sent from Companies House will feature your company registration number, as will any comms from an accountant or formation agent who helped you with the initial set up of your business.
    • If you decide to change the name of your limited company, you’ll get an official name change certificate (similar to the certificate of incorporation) which clearly displays your registered company number and name change.
    • You’ll also find it featured on the public register next to the details about your company details. Companies House’s records are open for anyone to search by company name or number.

    Where To Display Your Company Registration Number

    As a registered limited company, there are a few places where you’ll need to make sure that you include your business registration number. First off, it should feature on your website and any other owned online properties. Then, when it comes to your office itself remember that you can also feature your CRN on all and any printed marketing material (brochures, leaflets), company stationery (letterheads, emails, faxes) and administrative documents which could include order forms, receipts and invoices.

    One way you use your company number is when you’re applying for government incentives.

    Congratulations on starting a new company. Check out if you can qualify for any of these tax reliefs and government incentives for new startups.

    When To Use Your Registered Company Number

    You’ll need to have your registered company number on hand when you want to set up a bank account and whenever you’re interacting with Companies House. A few of these instances include:

    • Changing your company’s name or office’s physical address
    • Updating company director, LLP members or secretary details
    • General administration like confirmation statements, annual accounts or filing resolutions

    The same applies when your accounting service provider files your taxes and deals with the HMRC, whether it’s registering, filing or paying corporation tax or VAT, as well as PAYE registration and reports.

    Tip

    So if you’re planning on starting a limited company in the UK, remember that it’s important to understand what your company registration number is and even more important to get to grips with how, where and when to apply that CRN.

    CRNs: A Quick Recap

    This is a lot to take in but to make it a little easier for you, here’s a recap of some stuff you’ll want to keep top-of-mind:

    Company registration number allocations:

    10-digit CRNs = Limited companies formed in Wales and England

    OC = Limited Liability Partnerships

    SC = Scottish Limited companies

    SO = Scottish Limit Liability Partnerships

    NI = Northern Ireland Limited companies

    NC = Northern Ireland Limited Liability Partnerships

    Essential numbers issued by HMRC (that are not your Company Registration Number):

    Tax reference number;

    Employer reference number;

    VAT registration number

    If acronyms and numbers aren’t your thing, you can also reach out to our Osome team. We’ll take care of all the boring, complicated stuff while you grow your business.

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