- Singapore offers attractive benefits to foreign entrepreneurs, including 100% foreign ownership and competitive tax rates.
- Foreigners in Singapore have several business entity options, such as Private Limited Company (Pte Ltd), Sole Proprietorship, and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP).
- To successfully open a Singapore company, foreigners must fulfil certain conditions, procure a work pass, appoint a local or resident director, open a corporate bank account, and navigate legal compliance and licensing requirements. Adhere to employment regulations for hiring locals and filing deadlines set by the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA).
Why Singapore Is Attractive for Foreign Entrepreneurs
Singapore stands out as a prime destination for foreign business owners due to its:
- 100% foreign ownership policy
- Competitive tax regime
- Flexible banking facilities
- Stable political and social environment
Furthermore, foreigners are allowed to have full ownership of a company’s shareholding, with varying company registration fees depending on the business entity chosen. The country’s corporate tax rate is just 17%, and sole proprietors must only pay personal income tax on their business profits.
The reliable political system and strong economic outlook make Singapore an ideal business location. The incorporation procedure entails submitting incorporation documents to the ACRA and adhering to statutory regulations concerning taxation, employment law, and intellectual property.
Overall, incorporating a company in Singapore offers numerous advantages, such as tax efficiency, government incentives, a robust legal framework, and a positive reputation for conducting business.
Types of Business Entities for Foreigners
Foreigners in Singapore can choose from various business entities, including Private Limited Company (Pte Ltd), a separate legal entity, Sole Proprietorship, and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), each with its unique set of benefits and drawbacks. Understanding these business structures will help you make an informed decision when opening a Singapore company and select the most suitable option for your venture.
Private Limited Company (Pte Ltd)
A Private Limited Company (Pte Ltd) is a popular choice for both local and foreign entrepreneurs, as it is considered the most favourable company structure for Singapore company owners regarding scalability, credibility, and tax benefits. It is owned by shareholders and limited by the number of shares issued, with a maximum of 50 shareholders allowed. A minimum paid-up capital of at least SGD $1 is required to establish a new private limited company, including setting up a subsidiary Singapore company if needed.
Engaging a registered filing agent is necessary for those who aim to incorporate a private limited company in Singapore. The agent will assist in filing the application to set up your company in Singapore. Moreover, this business structure is perceived as more reliable than a sole proprietorship or partnership, and its favourable tax regime can facilitate capital acquisition for business expansion as a more prominent Singapore company.
Foreigners intending to manage their company in Singapore must procure an Employment Pass (EP). This pass is specifically designed for professionals and executives, allowing them to work and manage their companies in Singapore.
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A Sole Proprietorship is a business entity owned and managed by a single individual, making it the most straightforward and cost-effective business structure to establish in Singapore. However, the proprietor assumes personal liability for the enterprise’s debts and losses, which are unlimited.
Despite its simplicity, this kind of business may not be the best option, as it does not have a separate legal identity from its owner and may be perceived as less credible than other companies in Singapore. Furthermore, the proprietor is required to pay personal income tax on any profits generated from the business.
Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)
A Limited Liability Partnership(LLP) is a flexible business entity that combines the advantages of a partnership and a company, offering limited liability protection to its owners. It is particularly suitable for professional services firms, as it allows them to leverage their respective skills and generate profits.
While an LLP provides limited liability protection, it may not be the best choice for all foreign entrepreneurs, as it may have more complex management and regulatory requirements than other business types. Ultimately, the choice of business structure will depend on the unique needs and goals of the foreign entrepreneur looking to open a company in Singapore.
Requirements for Registering a Company in Singapore as a Foreigner
Foreigners must fulfil certain conditions for the successful registration of a company in Singapore. To manage their company in Singapore, foreign entrepreneurs must procure a work pass like the Employment Pass (EP), EntrePass, or Tech.Pass. These work passes come with their own eligibility criteria and benefits, as discussed in Section 4.
Additionally, foreigners must appoint a local or resident director to comply with Singapore’s company registration requirements. This can be a friend or family member if they meet the age and legal capacity requirements. Alternatively, a nominee director service can be engaged to provide temporary or long-term assistance in fulfilling compliance and statutory requirements for the Singapore company.
Several work visa options like the Employment Pass (EP), EntrePass, and Tech.Pass are available to foreigners wishing to start a company in Singapore. Each of these work passes has its own eligibility criteria and benefits, catering to different types of entrepreneurs and professionals.
Employment Pass (EP)
The Employment Pass (EP) is a work visa suitable for professionals, managers, and executives, allowing them to work and manage their Singapore company as foreign company owners. To be eligible for an EP, applicants must:
- Possess a tertiary or degree certification
- Be a professional or executive
- Have a minimum monthly salary of S$4,500, which will be increased to S$5,000 come September 2022.
EP holders can also enjoy family-friendly benefits, such as the ability to apply for dependent passes for their spouse or children, provided they meet the qualifying salary of S$6,000.
The EntrePass, also called an Entrepreneur Pass, is a work pass specifically designed for foreign entrepreneurs with innovative business ideas and venture-backed startups. To be eligible for an EntrePass, applicants must have already started or intend to start an ACRA-registered Singapore private limited company that is less than six months old on the date of application.
The EntrePass application process requires the submission of various documents, such as:
- The personal particulars page of the international passport
- Past employment testimonials
- The company’s latest business profile from Bizfile
- A business plan
- Other supporting documents like licensing agreements or patents.
The Tech.Pass is a new work pass for highly qualified foreign professionals and experts. This pass targets elite foreign professionals and experts in areas such as ecommerce, AI, and cybersecurity.
Administered by the Economic Development Board (EDB) in Singapore, the Tech.Pass grants established tech entrepreneurs, leaders, or technical experts from around the world the opportunity to work in the technology industry in Singapore. It provides a unique opportunity for these professionals to contribute to the growth of Singapore’s technology ecosystem.
Appointing a Local Director and Corporate Secretary
As part of the company registration process in Singapore, foreigners must appoint a local director and a corporate secretary to comply with local regulations. The local director must be at least 18 years old and of full legal capacity, while the corporate secretary should be a permanent resident of Singapore.
The company secretary is considered an officer of the company and acts as a liaison between the company and the relevant authorities — think of the company secretary as the middleman between your company and the government, ensuring compliance with Singapore company law. Meanwhile, the local director is responsible for adhering to the framework and acting in the company's best interests and may also be appointed to undertake additional duties with a limited power of attorney.
Many business people looking to complete company incorporation will outsource a corporate service provider to streamline the process of appointing a corporate secretary, local director, or nominee director for them.
Opening a Corporate Bank Account
Opening a corporate bank account in Singapore is essential for business operations and financial transactions and to complete the company incorporation process. Various local and international banks offer attractive options, provided with the necessary banking facilities to manage their business finances. Osome is a proud partner of several local banks who we connect aspiring business owners of private limited companies and foreign companies with. And our bank account opening assistance is part of our company registration fee.
Providing all the documents like the company incorporation certificate, a replica of the company’s constitution, and identification documents for the company directors and signatories is a prerequisite for foreign entrepreneurs to open a corporate bank account. Selecting a bank that best suits the company’s needs and requirements is crucial, especially if you're a foreign business owner looking to create an established company in Singapore.
Navigating Legal Compliance and Licensing
Foreign business owners must navigate legal compliance and obtain relevant licenses for their Singapore business activities. Certain industries, such as:
- food and beverage
Entrepreneurs, including those with an Employment Pass, require specific licenses to conduct business in the country. Ensuring legal compliance and obtaining the necessary licenses is paramount for a successful business venture in Singapore.
Business owners should familiarise themselves with Singapore’s employment regulations, including the Employment of Foreign Manpower Act (EFMA) and the Employment Act. These regulations, applying to both local and foreign employees, cover aspects like work rights, prevention of mistreatment, and eligibility criteria for hiring migrant workers. Staying informed and adhering to these regulations is essential to ensure compliance and avoid any potential legal issues.
Government Assistance and Incentives for Foreign-Owned Businesses
Singapore offers various government assistance and incentives for foreign-owned businesses, including grants, loans, and tax breaks. These support programs aim to foster innovation and growth among local and foreign businesses in the country.
Examples of government assistance programs include:
- SME Working Capital Loan and SME Micro Loan for financial support
- Corporate Income Tax Rebate and Productivity and Innovation Credit Scheme for tax benefits
- Startup SG Founder, Startup SG Tech, and Enterprise Development Grant for startup funding and development.
Hiring Local Employees and Adhering to Employment Regulations
Hiring local employees is crucial for business growth and success in Singapore. Foreign entrepreneurs should abide by the country’s employment regulations and guidelines like the Fair Consideration Framework, which promotes local hiring before recruiting foreigners.
In addition, foreigners must comply with the Employment of Foreign Manpower Act (EFMA) and the Employment Act, which cover aspects such as work rights, mistreatment prevention, and eligibility criteria for hiring migrant workers. Ensuring compliance with these regulations will help maintain a positive work environment and avoid any potential legal issues.
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Annual Filing Requirements and Deadlines
To maintain compliance with local regulations, companies in Singapore need to meet annual filing requirements and deadlines. This includes submitting financial statements and annual returns to the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA).
The deadline for filing the corporate income tax return is 30 November of the Year of Assessment. By staying informed about filing requirements and deadlines, foreign entrepreneurs can ensure their businesses remain compliant and avoid any penalties or legal issues. Exploring company incorporation services is a good starting point if you want to establish your company in Singapore.
In conclusion, setting up a business in Singapore as a foreigner offers numerous opportunities for growth and success, thanks to the country’s business-friendly environment, attractive tax regime, and government support for foreign-owned businesses. By carefully selecting the right business structure, obtaining the necessary work visas, and adhering to local regulations and guidelines, foreigners can pave the way for a thriving and profitable venture in the vibrant and dynamic Singaporean market.
Can I open a business in Singapore as a foreigner?
Yes, you can open a business in Singapore as a foreigner. You can choose any favoured business structure, but we recommend you research the pros and cons of each. For example, a foreign parent company's liability of a subsidiary company may be more risky. However, there is no restriction on foreign directors and shareholders, but local companies must have at least one resident director when setting up their business.
Can a foreigner own 100% of a business in Singapore?
Yes, a foreigner can own 100% of a business in Singapore, just like a local Singaporean. The incorporation process involves filing incorporation papers and registering the business with the ACRA.
Can a PR start a business in Singapore?
Yes, a PR can start a business in Singapore by registering a company with the ACRA or setting up a sole proprietorship or partnership if they meet the eligibility criteria.
What are the main reasons Singapore is an attractive destination for foreigners?
Singapore's attractive policy of 100% foreign ownership, competitive tax regime, flexible banking options, and stable political and social environment make it an ideal destination.
What types of business entities are available for foreigners in Singapore?
Foreigners in Singapore have multiple business entity options available to them, including Private Limited Company (Pte Ltd), Sole Proprietorship, and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP).
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